Microsoft sees Windows 10 as the last Windows version following the classic versioning pattern. In the future one does not want to publish any more new versions; Instead, they see “Windows as a service”: Windows 10 users should not only receive bug fixes, but also new functions that were not included at the time of the original installation.
Windows 10 can run on a desktop computer and notebook as well as on a tablet computer, smartphone, convertible, embedded system, Raspberry Pi 2, 3 & 4Xbox One and the HoloLens and thus represents a uniform software platform for different device classes the graphical user interface depending on the type of device on its properties.
With convertibles, Windows 10 can use the new "Continuum" function to automatically detect whether a keyboard is connected or not and adjust the user interface accordingly.
While the start menu was removed in Windows 8 and a so-called start page was offered instead, a revised version of the start menu has returned to Windows 10: It offers the familiar overview of all installed apps, buttons, among other things, for shutting down the system and the option to Attach program links, similar to the start page introduced with Windows 8, in the form of tiles. In this way, the function of the start screen is integrated into the start menu. Since the size of the start menu can be adjusted and it can also fill the screen, it replaces the start screen.
In Windows 10 there are virtual desktops with which several desktops can be created and used for different areas. Different applications can be stored on each virtual desktop. With the help of the "Task View", which can be reached via a button on the taskbar or the keyboard shortcut + ↹, the desktops can be managed and application windows exchanged between them. In addition, the shortcuts Ctrl + + ← / → can be used to switch between desktops and Ctrl + + F4 can be used to remove one.
Windows 10 includes a new web browser that is supposed to be faster, more efficient and more customizable. Microsoft presented three new features in advance: Web pages can be provided with notes and the document created like a screenshot can be saved and made available to friends or colleagues; a "reading mode" hides elements that interfere with the flow of reading, and a bookmark service similar to Instapaper is integrated into the browser.
Edge uses the new "engine" EdgeHTML instead of the Trident HTML renderer used in Internet Explorer, and a switch to Chromium is planned.
Windows 10 supports Standard 2.0 of the FIDO Alliance for authentication on the Internet. For this purpose, both the U2F standard for universal two-factor authentication and the UAF standard for universal authentication without a password have been implemented. In this context, the option of biometric authentication of users under the term "Microsoft Hello" was introduced.
For Windows 10 there are no longer different versions of the Windows Store (previously there was one for Windows Phone and another for Windows 8 and its successor systems), but a uniform store for all versions of Windows 10. Apps from the Windows Store, which in the past could only be used to fill the screen, can now be executed in windows and thus extensively changed in their display size. A number of apps are delivered directly with the operating system, including Microsoft Edge as well as a limited version of Microsoft OneNote. OneDrive plays a central role in the synchronization between different Microsoft devices. All games that the user has installed on their devices should also be displayed in the new Xbox app and they can be played across platforms. The presentation demonstrated a multiplayer game started on the Xbox One that was joined by a second person playing on a PC.
Applications for Windows 10 are based on the Universal Windows Platform (also: UWP), with which they can be developed for different devices with the same code base.
With the standard settings suggested by Windows 10 during the express installation, Windows 10 transfers a large number of data to Microsoft. For the voice assistant Cortana, Microsoft uses z. B. the communication history and the content of messages. In addition, the following information is used, among other things: location information and history of the device, contacts, voice input, search history, calendar information. This information is stored on a Microsoft server on the Internet. The transferred data also includes a cross-app advertising ID with which it is possible to clearly identify a user when using different apps and to show him personalized advertising as soon as he visits pages on the Internet. In addition, unspecified information on writing behavior and information on location determination (e.g. via WLANs in the area) are transmitted. Windows 10 also grants many apps access to the webcam and microphone by default.
Windows 10 is available in different editions, divided according to target group and purpose.
Desktop and Notebook
Alle Editionen sind jeweils als 32-Bit- und 64-Bit-Version erhältlich sowie als Version ohne „medienrelevante Technologien“ (N- bzw. KN-Versionen).